Consolidation of independence[ edit ] Main article: A new constitution in proclaimed representative governmentsuffrage for all males, and direct election of the president. A new constitution was enacted in to incorporate the federalist principles of the victors.
This created a power vacuum in the Spanish possessions in Americawhich created further political uncertainty. His admirers point to his political and military genius and to his administrative, economic, educational, and religious reforms.
Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Washington, D. He established Venezuelan independence essay nationwide system of public primary education and promoted state support for secondary and higher education.
Morillo had his hands full and pardos were starting to look towards patriot leaders.
Finally Boves marched towards Caracas, forcing the Republicans to flee to the east of the country, ending the second republic. The Llaneros were either demobilized or incorporated into the expeditionary units.
A long-term stalemate ensued in which the royalists controlled the highly populated, urban north and the republicans the vast, under-populated plains of the south.
Seven of the ten provinces belonging to the Captaincy General of Venezuela declared their independence and explained their reasons for this action, among them, that it was baneful that a small European nation ruled the great expanses of the New World, that Spanish America recovered its right to self-government after the abdications of Charles IV and Ferdinand VII at Bayonne, and that the political instability in Spain dictated that Venezuelans rule themselves, despite the brotherhood they shared with Spaniards.
Rather it was the other way around. For more photos of the day, see our images section. From last weekend to this weekend, there will also be hundreds of free cultural events around the country, including orchestra performances, music, theatre, literary events, dance, local handicraft, sport, food exhibitions, and photographic and artistic displays.
The independence movement A group of Venezuelan Creoles boldly proclaimed their country an independent republic in Miranda capitulated to Monteverde and signed an armistice on 25 July Initially both the Junta and Congress upheld the "rights of Ferdinand VII ," meaning that they recognized themselves to still be part of the Spanish Monarchy, but had established a separate government due to the French invasion of the Iberian Peninsula.
These principles were enshrined as a constitutional principal for the new nation and were radically opposed to the political, cultural, and social practices that had existed during three hundred years of colonization.
Around the country big and small plazas were renovated for the day, and many houses put out their Venezuelan flags. Backed by their personal armies, a series of warlordlike caudillos leaders assumed power, which they exercised for their personal benefit rather than for that of the nation. This article needs additional citations for verification.
In the Monagas brothers attempted to impose a new constitution extending the presidential term from four to six years and removing all restrictions on reelection. The constitution that they enacted in reflected their social and political philosophy—a centralist state, property qualifications for voting, the death penalty for political crimes, guarantees for the freedom of trade and commerce, and the continuation of slavery.The Venezuelan Revolution Venezuelan Independence Overview Characteristics Venezuela was considered a leader in the movement for independence among many Latin American Countries.
Led by radicals who held Enlightenment Ideas, such as Simon Bolivar and Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela was the first of the South American. Venezuelan independence split the Creole class into two political factions, liberals, and conservatives.
In addition, independence motivated many Creoles to remove themselves from politics and pass their power to local caudillos, or soldiers. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (Cinco de Julio) is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, Venezuelan Independence Day Venezuela was named after the Italian city of Venice by legendary navigator Amerigo Vespucci.
The wetlands surrounding Lake Maracaibo reminded Vespucci of the lagoons of Venice. The Complete Story of Venezuela's Revolution for Independence. Search the site GO. History & Culture.
Latin American History Before Columbus Colonialism and Imperialism The Caribbean finally securing Venezuelan independence in Venezuela Under the Spanish. Under the Spanish colonial system, Venezuela was a bit of a backwater.
. Venezuela Culture Facts And History History Essay.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. It is celebrated on the 24th of July whereas the Venezuelan Independence Day is on the 5th of July.Download