The donor card scheme, by which individuals carry a card indicating their intention to donate organs is scarcely a difficult or unknown means of showing true consent. The paternity and maternity litigation concerning egg and sperm donors, and surrogate mothers is pervasive and persistent.
The donor of an organ, or his family, will stand to benefit considerably from the sale. Thus, an economist might say: There is a spurious equality in everybody dying.
There will not be a two-tier market consisting of sale and donation. Chinese judicial officials are reported to execute prisoners on account of the black market value of their body parts. The opportunity for individuals and governments to gain considerable capital for organs sold will lead to appalling human rights violations.
The expense of palliative care for an individual requiring a transplant operation will be eliminated. Is there a moral difference between a heart or a lung and an ovum? But markets in kidneys are illegal. For each successful kidney transplant operation, valuable hours on a dialysis machine will be left vacant.
But, again, at best this shows we should require would-be kidney sellers to be licensed. It is already apparent that the black market flows in one direction ; from the Third World to the First.
We already accept the ethic of private healthcare. But with an acute shortage of donated kidneys and hundreds of ill people stuck on waiting lists, that could change. Many philosophers and economists thus think that markets in organs will eliminate the shortage. The Singapore Medical Association has also come out against such payment.
The transplant surgeon, the nursing staff and even the pharmaceutical companies producing the anti-reaction drugs receive payment for each operation performed.
Further, on a free market in kidneys, the price would likely be much lower than it is on the current black market. In April, the Philippines banned kidney transplants for patients from overseas.
Is my life worth the same as that of a common prisoner in China or Azerbaijan? The market in body parts that thrives in the United States is neither successful nor to be welcomed. Therefore the origin of the organ must be known.
In the end, some people feel that selling kidneys is just plain wrong, because it somehow violates human dignity or the integrity of the body.
Who sets the price? People are simply not willing to give away the organs others need. It is preferable that some individuals receive organs, and survive, than none at all.
It is patronising to consider that the individual cannot make a reasoned decision to donate or sell these organs. The sale of embryos, eggs and sperm in the United Kingdom is prohibited by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act There is no wisdom in repugnance. Defenders of organ sales believe it will save hundreds of thousands of lives annually and will help make the poor richer.
But this kind of disgust at kidney markets is quite literally killing people.But markets in kidneys are illegal. The government sets the legal price of organs at $0, far below the implicit equilibrium market price.
Thus, an economist might say: of course there is a shortage, whenever the legal price of a good is set below the equilibrium price, the quantity demanded will exceed the quantity supplied.
"We may be able to find an acceptable way to allow a meaningful compensation for some living, unrelated kidney donors without breaching ethical principles or hurting the sensitivities of others." Singapore hasn't taken any definitive steps in that direction since Khaw aired the idea in late July.
The very idea of legalization might sound gruesome to most people, but it shouldn't, especially since research shows it would save lives. In the United States, where the National Organ Transplantation Act prohibits compensation for organ donating, there are only about 20, kidneys every year for the approximately 80, patients on the.
Why should the donor of the organs, arguably the most important actor in any transplant, not also receive remuneration?
The United States already tolerates markets for blood, semen, human eggs, and surrogate wombs. The very idea of debating whether or not to legalize the sale of human organs is offensive, repugnant, and insane!
Has humanity lost its humanity? Have we become carnivores where the strong, the powerful and the rich devour the weak, the poor and helpless vulnerable? Like all prohibitions, restrictions on organ sales have created a huge black market.
Black market kidneys average a selling price of $, in the United States and $62, in China. You could sell your kidneys, liver, and heart for over $, on the black market.Download