Femininity and modesty can be a factor. FGM is often considered a necessary part of raising a girl, and a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage. If the opening has been narrowed, it will need to be reopened before marriage to enable sexual intercourse and childbirth.
Building on a previous report fromin UNICEF launched an updated report documenting the prevalence of FGM in Female genital mutiliation countries, as well as beliefs, attitudes, trends, and programmatic and policy responses to the practice globally.
Worldwide banning of FGM Inthe United Nations adopted a resolution banning FGM worldwidestating that "All necessary measures, including enacting and enforcing legislation to prohibit FGM and to protect women and girls from this form of violence, and to end impunity.
Was your genital area sewn? A systematic review of 56 studies suggested that over one in ten girls and women undergoing any form of FGM, including symbolic nicking of the clitoris Type IVexperience immediate complications, although the risks increased with Type III. WHO efforts to eliminate female genital mutilation focus on: Over million females have experienced some form of FGM.
In Decemberthe UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the elimination of female genital mutilation. FGM is therefore a global concern. Cultural and social factors for performing FGM The reasons why female genital mutilations are performed vary from one region to another as well as over time, and include a mix of sociocultural factors within families and communities.
In some places, FGM is a relatively new practice that communities have adopted from neighboring communities. In the case of Type III, other factors include how small a hole was left for the passage of urine and menstrual blood, whether surgical thread was used instead of agave or acacia thorns, and whether the procedure was performed more than once for example, to close an opening regarded as too wide or re-open one too small.
Sincegreat efforts have been made to counteract FGM, through research, work within communities, and changes in public policy.
Sometimes genital tissue is stitched again several times, including after childbirth, hence the woman goes through repeated opening and closing procedures, further increasing both immediate and long-term risks; psychological problems depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, low self-esteem, etc.
The reasons for this were unclear, but may be connected to genital and urinary tract infections and the presence of scar tissue. There are no health benefits of FGM. In Somalia and Sudan the situation was reversed: In most societies, where FGM is practised, it is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation.
Over time, religions have tolerated, encouraged, and condoned the practice; but, today, many religious leaders are against FGM and are involved in the movement to eradicate its practice. In some societies, recent adoption of the practice is linked to copying the traditions of neighbouring groups.
If the people with power and authority in a place believe and agree that FGM should prevail, it is difficult to prevent it. In some cases, it is the revival of an old custom.
Surgery may be recommended for:Female genital mutilation (FGM) or (FGC) is practised in 30 countries in western, eastern, and north-eastern Africa, in parts of the Middle East and Asia, and within some immigrant communities in Europe, North America and Australia.
The WHO defines the practice as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital. May 02, · A free collection of articles about female genital cutting published in The New York Times.
This fact sheet has been updated to include the most current and commonly used terms for female genital cutting (FGC). We are updating the title of this fact sheet and the way we refer to FGC by using the term female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C).
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but where there's no. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a practice that involves altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons, and it is internationally recognized as a human rights violation.
Globally, it is estimated that million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM. May 06, · Female Genital Mutilation: What It Does To A Woman: Goats and Soda The charges brought against two U.S.
doctors for alleged female genital mutilation brought renewed attention to the ritual. We.Download