Enlightenment tries its best to combine the two Romanticists say the Enlightenment basically went He Who Fights Monsters and is slowly sacrificing Liberty for Prosperity see the bit about Crapsack World below.
Cynicism have protagonists with this belief. The Enlightened depict the job as tricky but not impossible, with the participants more inclined towards Enlightened Self-Interest and willing to work together for the greater good.
This led to the idea of creating national institutions and cultural centers museums, science institutions, art galleries, monuments built to celebrate the nation, but it must be emphasized that the nation as defined by the early Enlightenment thinkers was about involvement in the community—meaning that outsiders could join the nation if they pitched in and got involved.
This largely stems from the the mostly French Continental schools of Enlightenment which, unlike British Empiricism, argued on Cartesian ideas of "first principles" i.
Romanticists point to their racial pseudoscience and use of modern industry to organize mass killings, the Enlightened point to their reactionary blood and soil ideology and mythology of race.
People who are monstrous or bad at least admit it. An Enlightened figure, either a critic of government, a scientist, a reformer, will be seen as an extremist until Vindicated by History.
Seen historically, the first work of Science FictionFrankenstein was very much a romantic work. Both sides tend to argue this and accuse the other of seeking the impossible perfectionbut with different alternatives.
Romanticists believe that Curiosity Killed the Castor at least make us Go Mad from the Revelation and turn us into nihilists, the Enlightened do recognize that curiosity does have its flaws, but overall it can be used for further learning and self-improvement.
Romanticists are usually Naturalists who portray Enlightened Utilitarians as willing to go to extremes for the sake of Utopia. The Romanticist sees the Fictional United Nations as hamstrung by the realities of international politics where powerful nations will still run riot over weak ones see the League of Nations.
Romanticists are more varied in their positions; some want to return to old-fashioned feudalismothers advocate for a democratic system, and often their chosen form of government is whichever form is not in place in their society. Enlightenment advocates will usually believe that "widespread ignorance causes Dystopia" sometimes bringing up the era that they called the " Dark Ages " and squabble about how education will save us all from it.
The Romantics who later came around to nationalism, were obsessed with folklore emphasized cultural heritage as the definition of national identity, and essentially invented the culture wars about which values and which individuals are the true representatives of the nation. The Enlightenment argued that humans are rational and that it was possible for human reason to build a better society and a more equal society.
Enlightenment advocates believe that such times can be overcome and ultimately improve for the better. Basically, both groups agree that Humans Are Flawedbut Enlightenment is about acknowledging and getting over it and being a better person, while Romanticism is about rejecting social conventions in favor of personal authenticity cf, Byronic Hero.
The very first science-fiction, Frankenstein tackled this very concept, and it was a romantic work. The World Is Not Ready: The classical British Enlightenment and its American progeny, as well as some of its Continental friends like Lafayette and de Tocqueville therefore emphasized building political, social, and economic institutions whereby these impulses could be channeled and moderated to serve the public interest.
A character adheres to their theories, rejecting conflicting facts that are even truthful. The Enlightenement saw themselves continuing the Greek, specifically the Socratic tradition of using logic and critical thinking to discover truth and question the foundations of the society they were in, rejecting emotion as an impediment to seeking truth.The Romanticism Versus Enlightenment trope as used in popular culture.
Some Eighteenth century people believed that reason and science are good and therefore .Download