An analysis of the idea of the tragic men and the elements of drama by aristotle

Since both the character of the hero and the plot must have logical consistency, Aristotle concludes that the untying of the plot must follow as a necessary consequence of the plot and not from stage artifice, like a deus ex machina a machine used in some plays, in which an actor playing one of the gods was lowered onto the stage at the end.

This stress placed by the Greek tragedians on the development of plot and action at the expense of character, and their general lack of interest in exploring psychological motivation, is one of the major differences between ancient and modern drama.

The Unities of time, place, and action were of central importance in Greek theatre. Poetics Summary Aristotle proposes to study poetry by analyzing its constitutive parts and then drawing general conclusions. Aristotle says that "pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves.

Tragedy must end on a note of equilibrium. That means that it must constitute a whole with a beginning, middle, and end, and that the sequence of events must exhibit some sort of necessity. The Poetics combines these two with the idea of imitation.

This difference makes tragedy philosophically more interesting than history. His essay is an early example of Empiricism — a philosophical tradition which regards observation of sense experience as the basis of knowledge. This approach is not completely suited to a literary study and is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions.

According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: His actions are most significant to the plot remember plot is primary over character. Plot is the most important element of a tragedy: The remainder of the Poetics is given over to examination of the other elements of tragedy and to discussion of various techniques, devices, and stylistic principles.

Aeschylus invented tragedy by bringing a second actor into dialogue with the narrator. Dithyrambs were sung by a large choir, sometimes featuring a narrator. The hero must have good qualities appropriate to his or her station and should be portrayed realistically and consistently.

Agamemnon, The Choephori, and The Eumenides

Aristotle discusses thought and diction and then moves on to address epic poetry. And life consists of action, and its end is a mode of activity, not a quality. Thus, what happens to him is tragic.Aristotle goes on to describe the elements of plot, which include completeness, magnitude, unity, determinate structure, and universality.

Completeness refers to the necessity of a tragedy to have a beginning, middle, and end. According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle (scenic effect), and song (music), of which the first two are primary.

Several of Aristotle's main points are of great value for an understanding of Greek tragic drama.

Poetics Summary

ARISTOTLE & THE ELEMENTS OF TRAGEDY Definition: oracles, prophets, fate), or nature. Aristotle says that the tragic hero should have a flaw and/or make some mistake (hamartia).

The hero need not die at the end, but he/she must undergo a change in fortune. middle, and an end. The idea of imitation is important here; the artist does. tragic end which seems inevitable and unavoidable. This implies a tragic destiny. Therefore, man, a tragic hero, seems to be an embodiment of a tragic spirit, a tragic flaw, and a tragic vision all of which compel him to initiate a tragic action.

The tragic action obeys the law of cause and effect and so must run its course. Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus Rex Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of Western thought.

A Greek drama by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, was praised in the Poetics of Aristotle as the model for classical tragedy and is still considered a principal example of the genre.

A Short Summary of Aristotle’s Poetics. Oct And yet to give you an idea of how much great Greek drama we have lost – that has not survived down the ages – Oedipus Rex only came second at that year’s City Dionysia.

Interesting Literature

First prize went to a play by the nephew of Aeschylus. If you enjoyed this summary of Aristotle’s.

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An analysis of the idea of the tragic men and the elements of drama by aristotle
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