It is the first suggestion in Western civilization that a legal system exists as a result of a kind of contract between the individual and the state, and this idea has had a tremendous impact on the modern world.
Crito reports that the ship is soon to arrive, for he has been told that it has left Sunium and is expected to be in Athens the next day.
After Crito has admitted that this is true, the question is raised concerning whose opinion should be regarded seriously enough to be followed. Since the contract was made voluntarily, he cannot offer the excuse that it was made under duress or obtained by false representation.
The debt shall be paid, said Crito; is there anything else? You, my good friend, who are experienced in these matters, shall give me directions how I am to proceed.
Because Socrates has been treated in an evil manner, it will be only a matter of justice for him to treat the state in a like manner. During all of those years, he had been the recipient of the many benefits that the city bestowed and had often acknowledged his indebtedness to its system of government and social order.
If Socrates were to break from prison now, having so consistently validated the social contract, he would be making himself an outlaw who would not be welcome in any other civilized state for the rest of his life.
Crito and Socrates have been able to discuss the question about making an escape from prison because they have agreed on certain points. He says that Socrates would be unjustly joining the efforts of his enemies against him. They will say that his friend Crito might have saved him if he had been willing to furnish the money to purchase his freedom.
Rather than simply break the Laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the Laws to let him go. Crito explains that he has considerable means himself, all of which he would gladly use for any purpose that would aid in saving the life of Socrates.
On a more ethical level, Crito presents two more pressing arguments: By refusing to escape, you will be taking the easier but not the better and manlier part, and, therefore, people will be ashamed not only of you but also of your friends, who they will maintain were lacking in the necessary courage to save you from an untimely death.
Socrates tries to use REASON rather than the values embedded in his culture to determine whether an action is right or wrong. This is not the kind of action that is appropriate for one who professes, as you do, to be following the course of virtue.
Throughout his entire life, Socrates has made it a point not to be swayed by emotional appeals but to follow a course that is directed by reason.
If he goes to neighboring cities, he will be looked upon by all honest citizens as an enemy. He wanted to deal with the moral issue involved in those situations where individuals are confronted with penalties imposed on them by unjust laws.
Crito explained that his coming at so early an hour was due to his belief that the time was short and if any action was to be taken it must be done at once.
Then, too, he is betraying the members of his own family, especially the children, who are entitled to the nurture, guidance, and education that he could provide by staying alive and doing what is within his power for their welfare.
But, in this case, he will attempt to relate not simply what they might say but rather what they would have a right to say in the event that he escaped.The main text of the dialogue is Socrates’ analysis of Crito’s arguments why he should escape from prison.
Crito is one of the "jailhouse dialogues," coming in dramatic sequence after the Apology and before the Phaedo. A summary of Analysis and Themes in Plato's Crito.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Crito and what it means. Perfect for acing. Crito is a dialogue by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.
It depicts a conversation between Socrates and his wealthy friend Crito regarding justice, injustice, and the appropriate response to injustice.
Socrates thinks that injustice may not be answered with injustice, and refuses Crito's offer to finance his escape from prison. The dialogue contains an ancient statement of the social contract theory of. Analysis of Crito The question is raised within the dialogue between Socrates and Crito concerning civil disobedience.
Crito has the desire, the means, and many compelling reasons with which he tries to convince the condemned to acquiesce in the plan to avoid his imminent death. Crito should not worry about how his, Socrates', or others' reputations may fare in the general esteem: they should only concern themselves with behaving well.
The only question at hand is whether or not it would be just for Socrates to attempt an escape. It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Please check your internet connection or reload this page.Download